It is highly expected that the effects of this crisis on women's earnings will be severe and long-lasting. We know from previous crises, for example, that women's employment and incomes recover much more slowly than men's. UN Women projections show not only that there will be a significant increase in poverty as a result of the pandemic, but also that mobile phone number list gender gaps will deepen. In 2021, 435 million women and girls are expected to live on less than $1.90 a day globally, including 47 million who have been pushed into poverty as a result of the pandemic, of which 3.1 million reside in Latin America7.
The severity of the impact of covid-19 on the mobile phone number list economic autonomy of women is due in part to the fact that the pandemic pushes a greater number of women to leave the labor market, a process that does not occur so strongly for men. In the last three decades, the regional rate of female labor participation has improved substantially: between 1998 and 2018, the proportion of women of productive age (25 to 54 years old) who are active increased from 56.9% to 66.8%8.
The effect of the pandemic could imply a setback of at least a decade in the labor inclusion of women, which was already incomplete and mobile phone number list unequal9. The fact that a significant number of women are expelled from the labor market is, of course, closely linked to gender roles within families and the social organization of care. As the waves of the pandemic hit, the saturation of health systems, new prevention practices and the suspension of face-to-face classes in schools and early childhood centers generated an increase in domestic and care work in families, a demand that falls mostly on women.